FAQs

Backflow Prevention

In compliance with Texas State Administrative Code, which regulates a city’s Cross Connection Control Program, Central Texas Utilities inspects drinking water systems on all properties to protect against water contamination.

Central Texas Utilities do this by requiring backflow prevention assemblies and testing.

These assemblies vary in size, shape, value, and location; however, they all do the same thing — they prevent dangerous backflow. The goal is to protect your drinking water and the city’s drinking water distribution system.

What is Backflow? How does it happen?

The diagram below shows how contaminants can enter the drinking water system without backflow device protections.

Annual Backflow Test Requirement

State law requires all properties with cross-connections – systems connected to the public drinking water system – must install a backflow device and test it ANNUALLY. This ensures the backflow device continues to function properly to protect the drinking water supply.

Any questions to an email to contact@budgetbackflow.pro.

FAQs

It’s just what it sounds like; the water is flowing in the opposite direction from its normal flow. With the direction of flow reversed due to a change in pressure, backflow can allow contaminants to enter your drinking water system through cross connections.

A cross connection is a permanent or temporary piping arrangement which can allow your drinking water to be contaminated if a backflow condition occurs. For example, if a garden hose is left in a bucket of soapy water and there is a change in water pressure, the soapy water could flow back into your drinking water system.

A cross connection is a permanent or temporary piping arrangement which can allow your drinking water to be contaminated if a backflow condition occurs. For example, if a garden hose is left in a bucket of soapy water and there is a change in water pressure, the soapy water could flow back into your drinking water system.

Backsiphonage is the reversal of normal flow in a system caused by a vacuum or partial vacuum within the water supply piping. Backpressure is the reversal of normal flow in a system due to pressure higher than the supply pressure.

Drinking water systems may become polluted or contaminated through uncontrolled cross connections. Cross connections are installed each day in the United States because people are unaware of the problems they can create. Death, illness, contaminated food products, industrial and chemical products rendered useless are some of the consequences of such connections.

The Texas State Department of Health (DOH) Office of Drinking Water is responsible for administering the cross connection control rules for Group A Public Water Supplies, such as the city’s, under the Texas Administrative Code (TAC). Texas established cross connection control reduction programs in 1970. The purpose is to protect the public water system from contamination via cross connections of plumbing systems. The DOH and public water utilities within Texas State have worked collaboratively to revise our codes and program priorities as we learn more about the dangers of cross connections as they apply to public and private plumbing systems. As a result, the city is required to develop and implement a Cross Connection Control Program which must be included in the our Water System Plan.

Yes. The ordinance includes the state’s program requirements and the most recent version of the Uniform Plumbing Code.

If you have an irrigation system for your yard, boiler, pool/spa, water feature, fire sprinkler system or photo development equipment, state law requires that you get a backflow prevention assembly to prevent contaminated water from flowing back into your drinking water–a serious health hazard. Many businesses are also required to have backflow prevention.

Even the best backflow assembly can fail because of freezing, debris, improper installation and unapproved plumbing connections. That’s why state law requires that backflow assemblies be tested annually by a certified backflow assembly tester to ensure that the assemblies will function if there is a backflow event.

Premise Isolation is backflow prevention installed or created at the incoming source to the property (usually at the meter) with an air gap and/or Reduce Pressure Backflow Assembly (RPBA). This will be required for service connections posing a high health cross connection hazard including, but not limited to, the following:

  • Agricultural (farms & dairies)
  • Beverage bottling plants
  • Car washes
  • Chemical plants
  • Commercial laundries, dry cleaners
  • Premises where both reclaimed water and drinking water are provided
  • Film processing plants
  • Food processing facilities
  • Hospitals, medical centers, nursing homes, veterinary, medical and dental clinics, and blood plasma centers
  • Laboratories
  • Metal plating
  • Mortuaries
  • Petroleum processing or storage plants
  • Piers and docks
  • Radioactive material processing plants or nuclear reactors
  • Radioactive material processing plants or nuclear reactors
  • Survey access denied or restricted
  • Wastewater lift stations and plumbing stations
  • Wastewater treatment plants
  • With lakes, streams, wells, and the city water supply, whether or not interconnected with the potable water supply
  • Janitor sinks
  • Bidets
  • Hose bibs (inside and outside garden hose faucets)
  • Lawn irrigation systems
  • Lake, stream, well water supplies
  • Laboratory equipment
  • Processing tanks
  • Boilers
  • Water recirculation systems
  • Swimming pools
  • Solar heat systems
  • Fire sprinkler systems

Pictures are for Illustration purposes only.

Double Check Valve Assembly (DC)

Protection for lower hazards, such as irrigation systems. Can only protects against non-hazard conditions.

 

Reduced Pressure Zone (RPZ) Backflow Assembly

Reduced Pressure Zone (RPZ) Assembly Protection for high hazards, such as boilers, x-ray machines, soda dispensers, etc.

 

Pressure Vacuum Breaker

Pressure Vacuum Breaker Assembly (PVBA) Protection for lower hazards, such as irrigation systems.

Air Gap Protection

An Air Gap is a physical separation between the free flowing discharge end of a potable water supply pipeline and the overflow rim of an open receiving vessel. Protection for high hazards, such as a chemical tank.